Black Powder Substitute Powders.
There are black powder substitutes, which are designed to be used in place of real black powder because they are much less smokey, corrosive, and are not classed as an explosive. The 3 common substitutes are Triple 7, Pyrodex and Black Mag, with Pyrodex and Triple 7 being by far the most popular however Black Mag is the cleanest.
Note: Charcoal is not the only fuel that can be used in the making of suitable powders for use in black powder guns. Sugar is used in many pyrotechnic applications to reduce smoke and it's water soluble.
Ignition Of Powder Charges.
Granulated black powder is the easiest to ignite of all the powders that are being produced today and will work with all muzzleloader ignition systems.
Granulated black powder substitutes such as Pyrodex are a little tougher to ignite and may not reliably perform in flintlock ignition systems.
Pelletized black powder substitutes are the toughest to ignite and may not reliably perform with most side lock ignition systems.
Black Mag’3 Black Powder Substitute Powder
Black Mag’3® is impervious to shock and significantly more resistant to friction than black powder or other propellants.
Black Mag’3®’s energy content is significantly greater than black powder but barrel pressure testing showed that it produced pressure levels approximately 50% lower than black powder. Measuring charges with Black Mag’3® is volume to volume with black powder.
Black Mag’3® is recoverable after exposure to moisture, has a low ignition temperature and it is non-fouling, non-corrosive and nontoxic. Note: The manufacturing of Black Mag’3® involves a "curing" process that results in the release of a small quantity of harmless gas, which may continue after the product is bottled. This may cause the bottle to swell, but it does not affect the safety, performance or stability of Black Mag’3®. If you notice that the bottle is bulging, simply loosen the lid to allow the harmless gas to escape; then re-seal the lid.
Western Powders, Blackhorn 209 Muzzleloading Powder:
Blackhorn 209 propellant when used as directed, consistently shoots with higher velocities and greater accuracy than other propellants. It's engineered to eliminate swabbing and cleaning between shots. Blackhorn 209 has the industry's lowest standard deviations and a low pressure-to-velocity ratio for precise performance every time.
No swabbing between shots.
Cleans with regular centerfire solvents.
Hard To Ignite Powder:
Blackhorn 209 is recommended for high-performance muzzleloaders with 209 primer ignition systems only and where the primer is totally enclosed. Not for use with any special muzzleloading primers, #11 percussion caps, musket or high-powered rifle primers. This powder is not suitable for sidelock muzzleloaders.
Note: I personally use CCI 209 magnum primers to ignite this powder in a new, CVA Accura V2 .45 caliber magnum muzzleloader, extremely accurate.
Hodgdon Black Powder Substitute Powders.
Hodgdon Pyrodex® and Triple Seven propellants are designed for use in muzzleloading and black powder cartridge firearms found by a competent gunsmith to be in good shootable condition.
Hodgdon Warning: NEVER mix any two powders regardless of type, brand or source.
Flintlock Ignition: To insure proper ignition in flintlock systems, 5 grains of FFFFG priming powder should be placed into the bore prior to loading the main charge of Triple Seven or Pyrodex. The main powder charge should be reduced by 5 grains to compensate for the addition of the priming powder.
Triple Seven and Pyrodex Pellets are designed for use only in newly manufactured muzzleloading, in-line rifles of 50 caliber, 54 caliber, and 45 caliber. Use Triple Seven only in a 209 primer ignition system. Pyrodex may be used with standard cap, musket cap or 209 primer ignition systems. Use only the correct caliber Pellet designated for the given caliber rifle. They are designed to be used with saboted bullets or conicals together with a fiber wad.
Hodgdon Pyrodex P - Pistol Powder The principle use for Pyrodex P is in all pistols and in smaller bore rifles, 45 caliber and down. P is also useful as a priming charge in guns which have a fouled ignition channel or other ignition problems. P compares to 3F blackpowder on a particle size basis.
Hodgdon Pyrodex RS - Rifle/Shotgun Powder Pyrodex RS can be used in all calibers of percussion muzzleloading rifles and shotguns. Like all grades of Pyrodex, it burns cleaner and produces less fouling than blackpowder. RS compares to 2F blackpowder on a particle size basis.
Hodgdon Pyrodex Pellets - No measuring. No pouring. Pyrodex® Pellets give muzzleloaders greater consistency, performance and faster second shots.
Hodgdon Triple Seven is sulfur free and virtually odorless, the residue left in the barrel is water soluable and can be cleaned anywhere with just plain water.
Hodgdon Triple Seven FFFG - The principle use for Triple Seven FFFG is in all pistols and in smaller bore rifles, 45 caliber and down. Triple Seven FFFG is also useful as a priming charge in muzzleloaders that have ignition problems. Triple Seven FFFG compares to 3F blackpowder on a particle size basis.
Hodgdon Triple Seven FFG - Rifle/Shotgun Powder can be used in all calibers of percussion muzzleloading rifles and shotguns. It has a wide application of uses, burns cleaner and produces less fouling than Pyrodex RS. Triple Seven FFG compares to 2F blackpowder on a particle size basis.
Hodgdon Triple Seven Pellets - No measuring. No pouring. 777 Pellets give muzzleloaders greater consistency, performance and faster second shots.
|Black Powder Substitute Powders Velocity Comparisons.|
|Powder||Grains Volume||Power Belt Bullet
|Forty Five Caliber Muzzleloading Rifle.|
|Pyrodex RS||100 gr.||45 cal. / 225 gr.
|Pyrodex P||100 gr.||45 cal. / 225 gr.
|Pyrodex Pellet||2-50 gr.||45 cal. / 225 gr.
|Triple Seven FF||100 gr.||45 cal. / 225 gr.
|Triple Seven FFF||100 gr.||45 cal. / 225 gr.
|Black Mag3||100 gr.||45 cal. / 225 gr.
|Fifty Caliber Muzzleloading Rifle.|
|Pyrodex RS||100 gr.||50 cal. / 348 gr.
|Pyrodex P||100 gr.||50 cal. / 348 gr.
|Pyrodex Pellet||2-50 gr.||50 cal. / 348 gr.
|Triple Seven FF||100 gr.||50 cal. / 348 gr.
|Triple Seven FFF||100 gr.||50 cal. / 348 gr.
|Black Mag3||100 gr.||50 cal. / 348 gr.