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1-d.gif - 1035 Bytes30-06 Springfield: Reloading, Ballistics, Remington Ballistics, Hunting & Ballistics.
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Ballistics
Gunsmithing
Reloading
Shooting
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30-06 Springfield External Ballistics For Hunting:


 External hunting ballistics pertains to bullet velocity, energy and trajectory down-range. Bullet trajectory is the flight path of the bullet relative to some known and fixed points.
Bullet Trajectory And Sighting Plane:
 1. Point blank range when sighting in a rifle is the first point at which the line of sight intersects with the bullets path in the bullets trajectory.
 2. Mid-range rise when sighting in a rifle is the highest point in the bullets trajectory between the point blank range and true zero.
 3. True zero when sighting in a rifle is the second point at which the line of sight intersects with the bullets path in the bullets trajectory.
 4. Maximum point blank range when sighting in a rifle is the height of the mid-range rise and the bullet drop beyond true zero, both are equal in measure.
correct-trajectory-sight-plane
correct-trajectory-sight-plane-scope-view

 To properly sight-in a hunting rifle a person needs to know a little bit about their scope mount height of their rifle as this affects the sight plane that intersects with the bullet's trajectory.
Rifle Sight Height to Bore Center Line:
Open Sights = 1 inch sight height.
Rifle Scope Center Line to Bore Center Line:
Standard 1 Inch Diameter Scope Tube.
Low Scope Mount And Rings = 1.5 inch sight height.
Medium Scope Mount And Rings = 1.8 inch sight height.
High Scope Mount And Rings = 2.0 inch sight height.

 Rifle barrel length is very important to bullet speed which affects bullet energy and trajectory.
20 to 26 Inch Rifle Barrel Lengths Velocity Adjustment:
Rifle Barrel Length Shorter Than 24 Inch You Subtract Velocity.
Rifle Barrel Length Longer Than 24 Inch You Add Velocity.
2,500 to 3,000 feet per second advertised velocity, adjust at 20 feet per second per inch from standard of 24 inch rifle barrel.
3,000 to 3,500 feet per second advertised velocity, adjust at 30 feet per second per inch from standard of 24 inch rifle barrel.
3,500 to 4,000 feet per second advertised velocity, adjust at 40 feet per second per inch from standard of 24 inch rifle barrel.

 The bullet ballistic coefficient, higher B.C.s mean flatter trajectories and higher retained energy down-range on target. A ballistic coefficient is the measure of a bullet's relative ability to overcome air resistance. Each bullet is assigned a numerical value expressing this efficiency. Ballistic coefficient calculations combine both shape and sectional density factors.

 Before the bullet is down-range and on target, you have to know whether the bullet will have enough energy retention to cleanly harvest the animal. A bullet's kinetic energy is measured in foot pounds, and this is a proxy for what's generally termed stopping-power. The higher a bullet's energy at the point of impact, the greater its stopping-power.

 Just as important is the size of target that the game animal that your hunting presents to you, typically standing broadside, exposing heart and lung area.

 Below are several ballistic and sight-in charts for 30-06 Springfield ammunition that categorize this ammunition to its practical use on various game animals for hunting at various distances.


30-06 Springfield And Moose Size Game Hunting:
Moose Size Animals Include: Grizzly Bear, Brown Bear And Moose. These animals are quite large and offer about an eight inch target zone, for a correct rifle sight-in, a four inch mid-range is required for minimum bullet trajectory effect.
For this size animal, I prefer 2,000 foot pounds of bullet energy.
30-06 Springfield Hunting Ammunition:
Ammuntion: Hornady 30-06 Springfield Superformace 180 Grain.
Bullet Diameter: .308 Inch.
Bullet Weight: 180 Grains.
Bullet Ballistic Coeffecient: .480.
Rifle Barrel Length: 24 Inches.
Rifle scope mounted 1.8 inches above bore center-line.
Rifle bullet trajectory set at 4 inch mid-range rise.
Rifle zeroed at 270 Yards.
Maximum point blank range is 315 yards.
Note: (FPS. = Feet Per Second.) (IN. = Inches.) (FT. LBS. = Foot Pounds.)
Range
Muzzle
100 yds.
200 yds.
300 yds.
400 yds.
500 yds.
Bullet Velocity / FPS.:
2,820
2,630
2,448
2,274
2,106
1,946
Bullet Trajectory / IN.:
- 1.8"
+ 3.3"
+ 3.4"
- 2.4"
- 14.8"
- 35.2"
Bullet Energy / FT. LBS.:
3,178
2,765
2,396
2,066
1,772
1,513
Moose Size Animals:
+
+
+
+
-
-


30-06 Springfield And Elk Size Game Hunting:
Elk Size Animals Include: Caribou, Black Bear, Sheep And Elk. These animals can be quite large and offer about an six inch target zone, for a correct rifle sight-in, a three inch mid-range is required for minimum bullet trajectory effect.
For this size animal, I prefer 1,800 foot pounds of bullet energy.
30-06 Springfield Hunting Ammunition:
Ammuntion: Hornady 30-06 Springfield Superformace 165 Grain.
Bullet Diameter: .308 Inch.
Bullet Weight: 165 Grains.
Bullet Ballistic Coeffecient: .447.
Rifle Barrel Length: 24 Inches.
Rifle scope mounted 1.8 inches above bore center-line.
Rifle bullet trajectory set at 3 inch mid-range rise.
Rifle zeroed at 252 Yards.
Maximum point blank range is 292 yards.
Note: (FPS. = Feet Per Second.) (IN. = Inches.) (FT. LBS. = Foot Pounds.)
Range
Muzzle
100 yds.
200 yds.
300 yds.
400 yds.
500 yds.
Bullet Velocity / FPS.:
2,960
2,750
2,550
2,358
2,175
2,000
Bullet Trajectory / IN.:
- 1.8"
+ 2.5"
+ 2.2"
- 3.4"
- 15.3"
- 34.6"
Bullet Energy / FT. LBS.:
3,210
2,770
2,382
2,037
1,733
1,465
Elk Size Animals:
+
+
+
+
+
-


30-06 Springfield And Deer Size Game Hunting:
Deer Size Animals Include: Antelope, Blacktail Deer, Hogs, Javelina, Mule Deer And Whitetail Deer. These animals can be somewhat small at times and offer about an four inch target zone, for a correct rifle sight-in, a two inch mid-range is required for minimum bullet trajectory effect.
For this size animal, I prefer 1,200 foot pounds of bullet energy.
30-06 Springfield Hunting Ammunition:
Ammuntion: Hornady 30-06 Springfield Superformace 150 Grain.
Bullet Diameter: .308 Inch.
Bullet Weight: 150 Grains.
Bullet Ballistic Coeffecient: .415.
Rifle Barrel Length: 24 Inches.
Rifle scope mounted 1.8 inches above bore center-line.
Rifle bullet trajectory set at 2 inch mid-range rise.
Rifle zeroed at 228 Yards.
Maximum point blank range is 265 yards.
Note: (FPS. = Feet Per Second.) (IN. = Inches.) (FT. LBS. = Foot Pounds.)
Range
Muzzle
100 yds.
200 yds.
300 yds.
400 yds.
500 yds.
Bullet Velocity / FPS.:
3,080
2,848
2,628
2,418
2,218
2,028
Bullet Trajectory / IN.:
- 1.8"
+ 1.8"
+ 1.1"
- 4.7"
- 16.4"
- 35.2"
Bullet Energy / FT. LBS.:
3,159
2,701
2,300
1,948
1,639
1,370
Deer Size Animals:
+
+
+
+
+
+


30-06 Springfield And Predator Hunting:
Predators Include: Bobcat, Cougar And Coyote.
These animals can be somewhat small and offer about an two inch target zone, for a correct rifle sight-in, a one inch mid-range is required for minimum bullet trajectory effect.
For this size animal, I prefer 360 foot pounds of bullet energy.
30-06 Springfield Hunting Ammunition:
Ammuntion: Remington 30-06 Springfield Accelerator 55 Grain.
Sabot Diameter: .308 Inch / Bullet Diameter: .224 Inch.
Bullet Weight: 55 Grains.
Bullet Ballistic Coeffecient: .197.
Rifle Barrel Length: 24 Inches.
Rifle scope mounted 1.8 inches above bore center-line.
Rifle bullet trajectory set at 1 inch mid-range rise.
Rifle zeroed at 218 Yards.
Maximum point blank range is 248 yards.
Note: (FPS. = Feet Per Second.) (IN. = Inches.) (FT. LBS. = Foot Pounds.)
Range
Muzzle
100 yds.
200 yds.
300 yds.
400 yds.
500 yds.
Bullet Velocity / FPS.:
4,080
3,484
2,964
2,502
2,083
1,710
Bullet Trajectory / IN.:
- 1.8"
+ 0.8"
+ 0.5"
- 3.9"
- 13.8"
- 31.9"
Bullet Energy / FT. LBS.:
2,033
1,482
1,073
764
530
357
Predators:
+
+
+
+
+
+











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