The very popular 30-06 Springfield was created by the U.S. military and commissioned into use in 1906. The 30-06 springfield's official military name "Caliber.30, Model 1906, Mark 1". The 30-06 was used in the bolt-action M1903 Springfield rifle, the bolt-action M1917 Enfield rifle, the semi-automatic M1 Garand rifle and machine guns.
Instantly the 30-06 cartridge was adopted into civilian use for sporting purposes and rapidly expanded into the world wide shooting community and in which it was accepted with open arms. The 30-06 is one of the most widely accepted cartridges in the world. The reason for such popularity is the availability of bullets which range in weight from 100 grains to 220 grains. The 30-06 brass cartridge case lends itself well to be altered into other calibers and cartridges, the list is long and most of the cartridges that were developed are some of the best we have today.
The 30-06 with the power it offers down range will recoil somewhat to the shooters shoulder with heavier bullets in the 180 grain range, the recoil is at the peak of what most shooters will tolerate. However with achievements of the ammunition manufacturers in the past ten years, recoil has been reduced dramatically and this has moved the 30-06 cartridge into a stand alone position of the most versatile rifle cartridge in all of North American hunting. With lighter weight bullets suited for varmints and heavy bullets suited for large bears, elk and moose, the 30-06 Springfield is capable of handling all of the game animals in North America.
While those that handload their own ammunition for the 30-06 have been nearly duplicating 300 H&H Magnum ballistics for years with their 30-06 handloads, the ammunition manufacturers have picked up the pace with high performance loads for the 30-06 as well. Remington's 55-grain Accelerator load with its 55-grain saboted bullet at 4080 fps for the 30-06 is quite an achievement, Hornady's Superformance loadings offer standard loadings with an average of 200 feet per second velocity gains over standard 30-06 loads of equal bullet weights with the use of specialized gun powders.