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30-30 Winchester:
Centerfire Rifle Cartridges
Written by: Kim Lockhart, Copyright.

30-30 Winchester:
The 30-30 Winchester was introduced to the public as the first smokeless powder sporting cartridge by Winchester in 1895 as the .30 WCF, chambered in their then new model 1894 lever action rifle. It has been chambered in several different action types but the lever action is by far the most popular with Winchester's own Model 94 rifles running into the millions of firearms produced. The 30-30 Winchester is well beyond 100 years since its introduction and sales are still high for this cartridge. Simply put most deer are shot within a 100 yard range limit and they are found mostly in the woods where shots are limited to under 100 yards and the 30-30 Winchester cartridge in a short lever action rifle is more than adequate to get the job done and is excellent for hog hunting as well.

 The 30-30 Winchester is slowly coming into its own with the latest technology in ammunition manufacturing, adding a little more effective range is a good thing for any rifle cartridge and for the old 30-30 Winchester cartridge, Hornady has certainly give it a boost with their new LeverEvolution 30-30 Winchester ammunition by adding another 100 yards to the effective range of the cartridge. Bufflao Bore now manufactures a 190 grain Hawk bullet loading that surely adds stopping power on larger game animals at close range to the once and still very popular 30-30 Winchester.

  The 30-30 Winchesters recoil is less than the 308 Winchester cartridge and light enough for most individuals to enjoy shooting all day long with no ill effects felt from recoil. Just remember to use only round-nose or flat-point bullets for use in tubular magazine rifles.

30-30 Winchester Rifle Barrel Specifications:
Bore Twist Rate - 1 in 12".
Bore Groove Diameter - .308"

30-30 Winchester Cartridge Case Dimensions:
Neck Diameter - .330".
Shoulder Diameter - .401".
Base Diameter - .422".
Rim Diameter - .506".

30-30 Winchester Reloading Specifications:
Bullet Diameter - .308"
Maximum Case Length - 2.039"
Trimmed Case Length - 2.029"
Primer Size - Large Rifle
Maximum Cartridge Overall Length - 2.550".

30-30 Winchester Reloading Data:
 For the Antelope, Deer, or Hog hunter hand-loading or reloading his or her own 30-30 Winchester ammunition, Western Powders, Accurate 2520 rifle powder does an impressive job of launching 160 grain .308" diameter bullets at high velocity. Accurates online reloading data shows that a 160 grain .308" diameter Hornady FTX bullet using just 29.8 grains of Accurate 2520 powder can be driven to a velocity of 2,144 feet per second loaded at a maximum cartridge overall length of 2.535" in the 30-30 Winchester. This load does not top out until the 160 grain bullet is at 2,316 feet per second at a chamber pressure of 41,579 PSI. For the 160 grain bullet reload if you sighted your 30-30 Win. hunting rifle in dead on at 165 yards it would only be 2 inches high at 100 yards and only 2.7 inches low at 200 yards which would be an excellent Antelope, Deer and Hog load.
30-30 Winchester / Reloading

30-30 Winchester Factory Ammunition:
 The below table will give rifle cartridge manufacturer, bullet weight measured in grains, bullet velocity measured in feet per second, bullet energy measured in foot pounds and rifle recoil energy measured in foot pounds based on a fully loaded and scoped 8.5 pound, 24" barrel length rifle.

Centerfire Rifle Cartridge /
Cartridge Manufacturer;
BB=Buffalo Bore, F=Federal,
H=Hornady, R=Remington,
W=Winchester
Bullet
Weight
Grains
Bullet
Ballistic
Coefficient
Bullet
Muzzle
Velocity
Fps.
Bullet
Muzzle
Energy
Ft. lbs.
Rifle
Recoil
Energy
Ft. lbs.
30-30 Winchester / R 55 .139 3,400 1,412 4.49
30-30 Winchester / F 125 .171 2,570 1,833 8.64
30-30 Winchester / H 140 .277 2,465 1,889 9.52
30-30 Winchester / W 150 .237 2,390 1,902 10.03
30-30 Winchester / H 160 .330 2,400 2,046 11.04
30-30 Winchester / R 170 .254 2,200 1,827 10.64
30-30 Winchester / BB 190 .339 2,170 1,987 12.22
30-30 Winchester / Hunting & Ballistics

30-30 Winchester And Deer Size Game Hunting:
Deer Size Animals Include: Antelope, Blacktail Deer, Hogs, Javelina, Mule Deer And Whitetail Deer. These animals can be somewhat small at times and offer about an four inch target zone, for a correct rifle sight-in, a two inch mid-range is required for minimum bullet trajectory effect.
For this size animal, I prefer 1,200 foot pounds of bullet energy.

30-30 Winchester Hunting Ammunition:
Ammuntion: Hornady 30-30 Win. LeverEvolution 160 Grain.
Bullet Diameter: .308 Inch.
Bullet Weight: 160 Grains.
Bullet Ballistic Coeffecient: .330.
Rifle Barrel Length: 24 Inches.
Rifle scope mounted 1.8 inches above bore center-line.
Rifle bullet trajectory set at 2 inch mid-range rise.
Rifle true zero is 175 Yards.
Maximum point blank range is 205 yards.
Note: (FPS. = Feet Per Second.) (IN. = Inches.) (FT. LBS. = Foot Pounds.)
Range
Muzzle
100 yds.
200 yds.
300 yds.
400 yds.
500 yds.
Bullet Velocity / FPS.:
2,400
2,151
1,917
1,700
1,504
1,332
Bullet Trajectory / IN.:
- 1.8"
+ 2.0"
- 1.7"
- 15.0"
- 40.3"
- 81.1"
Bullet Energy / FT. LBS.:
2,046
1,643
1,305
1,027
804
630
Deer Size Animals:
+
+
+
-
-
-

30-30 Winchester And Predator Hunting:
Predators Include: Bobcat, Cougar And Coyote.
These animals can be somewhat small and offer about an two inch target zone, for a correct rifle sight-in, a one inch mid-range is required for minimum bullet trajectory effect.
For this size animal, I prefer 360 foot pounds of bullet energy.

30-30 Winchester Hunting Ammunition:
Ammuntion: Remington 30-30 Winchester Accelerator 55 Grain.
Sabot Diameter: .308 Inch / Bullet Diameter: .224 Inch.
Bullet Weight: 55 Grains.
Bullet Ballistic Coeffecient: .139.
Rifle Barrel Length: 24 Inches.
Rifle scope mounted 1.8 inches above bore center-line.
Rifle bullet trajectory set at 1 inch mid-range rise.
Rifle true zero is 175 Yards.
Maximum point blank range is 198 yards.
Note: (FPS. = Feet Per Second.) (IN. = Inches.) (FT. LBS. = Foot Pounds.)
Range
Muzzle
100 yds.
200 yds.
300 yds.
400 yds.
500 yds.
Bullet Velocity / FPS.:
3,400
2,694
2,087
1,573
1,189
985
Bullet Trajectory / IN.:
- 1.8"
+ 1.0"
- 1.1"
- 11.5"
- 36.2"
- 85.7"
Bullet Energy / FT. LBS.:
1,412
886
532
302
173
118
Predators:
+
+
+
+
-
-

Directory:
Rifles
Rifle Ammunition
Rifle Dies
Rifle Brass
Rifle Bullets
Winchester, Model 70, 243 Winchester, 264 Winchester Magnum, 270 Winchester, 30-30 Winchester, 308 Winchester, 300 Winchester Magnum.
Short Magnums, 223 Winchester Super Short Magnum, 243 Winchester Super Short Magnum, 25 Winchester Super Short Magnum,
270 Winchester Short Magnum, 7mm Winchester Short Magnum, 300 Winchester Short Magnum, 325 Winchester Short Magnum.
Centerfire Rifle Cartridges, 17 Rem., 204 Ruger, 22 Hornet, 222 Rem., 223 Rem., 22-250 Rem., 220 Swift, 223 WSSM, 243 Win., 6mm Rem., 243 WSSM,
240 Wby. Mag., 250 Sav., 257 Roberts, 25 WSSM, 25-06, 257 Wby. Mag., 6.5 x 55mm, 260 Rem., 6.5mm Rem. Mag., 264 Win. Mag., 6.8 Rem., 270 Win.,
270 WSM, 270 Wby. Mag., 280 Rem.,7mm Rem. Mag., 7mm WSM, 30-30 Win., 308 Win., 30-06, 300 Win. Mag., 300 WSM, 300 Wby. Mag., 325 WSM,
340 Wby. Mag., 357 Mag., 44 Mag., 45-70.