Rifle - Cartridge - Ballistics - Copyright.
308 Winchester
7.62 NATO
308 Winchester Reloading
308 Winchester Hunting & Ballistics
308 Winchester Ballistics Table

308 Winchester Reloading:

Cartridges:
 308 Winchester and 7.62 NATO centerfire rifle cartridges are also known as their metric nomenclature 7.62x51mm. Both of which are .30" caliber, rimless, bottleneck centerfire rifle cartridge case designs that are reloadable with various combinations of primer, powder and .308" diameter bullets. 7.62 NATO cartridges are normally loaded to slightly lower chamber pressure levels for semi-auto and full-auto rifle usage.

Reloading Safety:
 7.62 NATO cartridge casings are usually thicker in the web area, thereby reducing cartridge case volume. Only use published reloading data where this is taken into consideration when reloading 7.62 NATO cartridge cases. Otherwise you will experience much higher chamber pressures and possibly exceed your rifles limitation.

Specifications:
308 Winchester Cartridge:

Bullet Diameter - .308".
Primer Diameter - .210".
Primer Type - Large Rifle.
Case Neck Diameter - .343".
Case Shoulder Diameter - .454".
Case Base Diameter - .471".
Case Rim Diameter - .473".
Min. Case Length - 2.005" / Trimmed.
Max. Case Length - 2.015" / Stretched.
Min. Cartridge Loaded Length - 2.490".
Max. Cartridge Loaded Length - 2.810".
Max. Average Pressure - 62,000 PSI.
7.62 NATO Cartridge:

Bullet Diameter - .308".
Primer Diameter - .210".
Primer Type - Large Rifle.
Case Neck Diameter - .343".
Case Shoulder Diameter - .454".
Case Base Diameter - .471".
Case Rim Diameter - .473".
Min. Case Length - 2.005" / Trimmed.
Max. Case Length - 2.015" / Stretched.
Min. Cartridge Loaded Length - 2.490".
Max. Cartridge Loaded Length - 2.810".
Max. Average Pressure - 60,200 PSI.
Reloading Data:

 Handloaders have ample choices for loading their favorite bullet weights for many different tasks. From zombie slayers to woodchuck busters, lightweight bullets of 110 grain to 125 grain do quite well and probably better than most people know.

308 Winchester Load Data:
Winchester Cartridge Case
Case Trimmed Length = 2.005".
Barnes Bullet
Dia. Type Weight S.D. B.C.
.308" TTSX 110 .166 .295
Cartridge Overall Length = 2.700".
Winchester Primer
Type = WLR.
Accurate 2200 Powder
Powder
Start
Load
Grains
Start
Load
Velocity
Fps.
Powder
Maximum
Load
Grains
Maximum
Load
Velocity
Fps.
Maximum
Load
Pressure
P.S.I.
43.8 3,168 48.7 3,448 61,753
Ballistic Test Barrel Length = 24".
Ballistic Test Barrel Twist Rate = 1 in 12".
Bullet
@
Velocity
/ FPS.
Energy
/ FT.LBS.
Trajectory
/ IN.
Muzzle 3,448 2,904 - 1.5
100 yds. 3,096 2,342 + 1.1
200 yds. 2,773 1,878 0
300 yds. 2,471 1,492 - 5.6
400 yds. 2,189 1,171 - 16.9
500 yds. 1,926 906 - 35.6
308 Winchester Load Data:
Winchester Cartridge Case
Case Trimmed Length = 2.005".
Nosler Bullet
Dia. Type Weight S.D. B.C.
.308" B-Tip 125 .188 .366
Cartridge Overall Length = 2.750".
Winchester Primer
Type = WLR.
Accurate 2460 Powder
Powder
Start
Load
Grains
Start
Load
Velocity
Fps.
Powder
Maximum
Load
Grains
Maximum
Load
Velocity
Fps.
Maximum
Load
Pressure
P.S.I.
45.3 3,042 50.4 3,302 61,301
Ballistic Test Barrel Length = 24".
Ballistic Test Barrel Twist Rate = 1 in 12".
Bullet
@
Velocity
/ FPS.
Energy
/ FT.LBS.
Trajectory
/ IN.
Muzzle 3,302 3,026 - 1.5
100 yds. 3,026 2,541 + 1.2
200 yds. 2,767 2,125 0
300 yds. 2,523 1,767 - 5.7
400 yds. 2,292 1,458 - 16.9
500 yds. 2,072 1,192 - 34.7

 For the deer, elk or moose hunter hand-loading or reloading his or her own 308 Winchester ammunition, 150 grain bullets will work fine. For larger animals 165 grain bullets will deliver good energy and deep penetration further down-range.

308 Winchester Load Data:
Winchester Cartridge Case
Case Trimmed Length = 2.005".
Hornady Bullet
Dia. Type Weight S.D. B.C.
.308" SST 150 .226 .415
Cartridge Overall Length = 2.735".
Winchester Primer
Type = WLR.
Accurate 2520 Powder
Powder
Start
Load
Grains
Start
Load
Velocity
Fps.
Powder
Maximum
Load
Grains
Maximum
Load
Velocity
Fps.
Maximum
Load
Pressure
P.S.I.
44.5 2,770 49.4 3,006 61,771
Ballistic Test Barrel Length = 24".
Ballistic Test Barrel Twist Rate = 1 in 12".
Bullet
@
Velocity
/ FPS.
Energy
/ FT.LBS.
Trajectory
/ IN.
Muzzle 3,006 3,009 - 1.5
100 yds. 2,778 2,570 + 1.5
200 yds. 2,561 2,185 0
300 yds. 2,355 1,847 - 6.8
400 yds. 2,158 1,550 - 19.9
500 yds. 1,970 1,293 - 40.6
308 Winchester Load Data:
Winchester Cartridge Case
Case Trimmed Length = 2.005".
Sierra Bullet
Dia. Type Weight S.D. B.C.
.308" G-K 165 .248 .404
Cartridge Overall Length = 2.810".
Winchester Primer
Type = WLR.
Accurate 2520 Powder
Powder
Start
Load
Grains
Start
Load
Velocity
Fps.
Powder
Maximum
Load
Grains
Maximum
Load
Velocity
Fps.
Maximum
Load
Pressure
P.S.I.
42.9 2,636 47.7 2,861 61,834
Ballistic Test Barrel Length = 24".
Ballistic Test Barrel Twist Rate = 1 in 12".
Bullet
@
Velocity
/ FPS.
Energy
/ FT.LBS.
Trajectory
/ IN.
Muzzle 2,861 2,999 - 1.5
100 yds. 2,634 2,542 + 1.8
200 yds. 2,419 2,143 0
300 yds. 2,213 1,795 - 7.7
400 yds. 2,018 1,492 - 22.6
500 yds. 1,834 1,232 - 46.0

 Handloaders of 308 Winchester cartridges have a couple good choices for loading heavier bullets that penetrate quite deep when used on large animals, 180 grain bullets can normally be driven fast enough to make it worth loading them for stopping power.

308 Winchester Load Data:
Winchester Cartridge Case
Case Trimmed Length = 2.005".
Speer Bullet
Dia. Type Weight S.D. B.C.
.308" SP 180 .271 .441
Cartridge Overall Length = 2.800".
Federal Primer
Type = 210M.
IMR 4064 Powder
Powder
Start
Load
Grains
Start
Load
Velocity
Fps.
Powder
Maximum
Load
Grains
Maximum
Load
Velocity
Fps.
Maximum
Load
Pressure
P.S.I.
40.7 2,445 45.2 2,683 58,200
Ballistic Test Barrel Length = 24".
Ballistic Test Barrel Twist Rate = 1 in 12".
Bullet
@
Velocity
/ FPS.
Energy
/ FT.LBS.
Trajectory
/ IN.
Muzzle 2,683 2,877 - 1.5
100 yds. 2,483 2,464 + 2.1
200 yds. 2,291 2,099 0
300 yds. 2,109 1,777 - 8.7
400 yds. 1,934 1,495 - 25.3
500 yds. 1,770 1,251 - 51.2
308 Winchester Load Data:
Winchester Cartridge Case
Case Trimmed Length = 2.005".
Hornady Bullet
Dia. Type Weight S.D. B.C.
.308" SST 180 .271 .480
Cartridge Overall Length = 2.740".
Winchester Primer
Type = WLR.
Accurate 2520 Powder
Powder
Start
Load
Grains
Start
Load
Velocity
Fps.
Powder
Maximum
Load
Grains
Maximum
Load
Velocity
Fps.
Maximum
Load
Pressure
P.S.I.
40.9 2,486 45.5 2,711 61,483
Ballistic Test Barrel Length = 24".
Ballistic Test Barrel Twist Rate = 1 in 12".
Bullet
@
Velocity
/ FPS.
Energy
/ FT.LBS.
Trajectory
/ IN.
Muzzle 2,711 2,937 - 1.5
100 yds. 2,526 2,549 + 2.0
200 yds. 2,348 2,203 0
300 yds. 2,177 1,894 - 8.3
400 yds. 2,014 1,621 - 24.0
500 yds. 1,858 1,379 - 48.2
Resources And References
Centerfire Rifle Cartridges:
Reloading
Equipment - Procedure
Load Testing
Run-Out
Calculating Kinetic Energy
Centerfire Rifle Cartridges:
Reloading
Case
Primer
Powder
Bullet
Reloading Directoy:
Bullets & Manuals
Powder & Data
Primers & Charts
Reloading Directoy:
Rifle Brass For Sale
Rifle Bullets For Sale
Rifle Dies For Sale