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 Bolt Action Rifles
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 Barrel Twist Rates
 Barrel Break-In
 Rifle Scopes
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 Rifle Scope Mounting
 Rifle Scope Sight-In
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 Rifle Shooting
 Precision Bold Targets.
 Rimfire Ballistics
 Centerfire Ballistics
 Reloading
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308 Winchester History:
Centerfire Rifle Cartridges
Written by: Kim Lockhart, Copyright.

308 Winchester:
The 308 Winchester is a very popular .30" caliber, bottleneck centerfire rifle cartridge design that was introduced to the public as a civilian sporting cartridge by Winchester in September 1952. Winchester's Model 70 bolt action and Model 88 lever action rifles were then chambered for the cartridge. This cartridge has been used by bench rest NRA high power and metallic silhouette shooters quite successfully in competition, lending well to its accuracy reputation which is in part due to less recoil felt by shooters that the cartridge generates. While much has been written about the 308 Winchester cartridge it truly is a great hunting cartridge and is used as such worldwide. My own personal favorite bullet weight is 150 grains as it does offer milder recoil with a lot of down range energy for any animal walking in the woods of North America including, elk and moose.

 The 308 Winchester is a very good cartridge for those wanting to make use of a .308" diameter bullet for hunting but not wanting the felt recoil of a 300 Winchester Magnum rifle or 30-06 Springfield. The 308 Winchester recoil is quite tolerable when shooting 125-165 grain weight bullets. With bullet weights of 125 grain 308 Winchester chambered rifles can be used for predator hunting, 150 grain bullets for deer hunting and 165 grain bullets for moose and elk hunting.

 The most surprising thing with 308 Winchester chambered rifles is most are very accurate and with a barrel length of 22" you still have excellent bullet velocity for a small case capacity cartridge. While there is a trend to do more with less in ammunition manufacturing, Hornady and Nosler lead this field offering some of the best ammunition going to date for 308 Winchester rifle users, excellent velocity and down-range performance coupled with excellent accuracy as well.


308 Winchester Specifications:
Rifle:
Barrel Length - 24".
Bore Twist Rate - 1 in 12" and 1 in 10".
Bore Groove Diameter - .308".
Cartridge:
Bullet Diameter - .308".
Primer Size - Large Rifle.
Case Neck Diameter - .343".
Case Shoulder Diameter - .454".
Case Base Diameter - .470".
Case Rim Diameter - .473".
Maximum Case Length - 2.015".
Trimmed Case Length - 2.005".
Maximum Overall Length - 2.800".
Ammunition:
308 Winchester
Cartridge
Manufacturer
Bullet
Weight
Grains
Bullet
Ballistic
Coefficient
Bullet
Muzzle
Velocity
Fps.
Bullet
Muzzle
Energy
Ft. lbs.
8.5 lb. Rifle,
Recoil
Energy
Ft. lbs.
Hornady 110 .290 3,165 2,447 11.62
Winchester 120 .256 2,850 2,164 11.47
Nosler 125 .366 3,175 2,798 13.97
Cor-Bon 130 .340 3,000 2,598 13.66
Winchester 147 .415 2,800 2,559 14.77
Hornady 150 .415 3,000 2,997 16.75
Hornady 155 .435 2,865 2,825 16.58
Hornady 165 .447 2,840 2,955 17.95
Winchester 168 .474 2,670 2,659 17.05
Federal 170 .284 2,000 1,510 12.12
Federal 175 .505 2,600 2,627 17.64
Hornady 178 .530 2,775 3,043 19.83
Remington 180 .402 2,620 2,743 18.76

308 Winchester Hunting Applications:
 This is a down range trajectory chart for the 308 Winchester cartridge with the scope mounted 1.5 inches above the bore center line plus if you were using this load, its effective hunting bullet energy range with well placed shots on;
Varmint / Predator: Such As, Bobcat, Cougar, Coyote.
Deer Size Game: Such As, Antelope, Blacktail Deer, Hogs, Javelina, Mule Deer, Whitetail Deer, Small Black Bear.
Elk Size Game: Such As, Caribou, Large Black Bear, Sheep, Goats, Muskox, Elk.
Moose Size Game: Such As, Brown Bear, Grizzly Bear, Polar Bear, Buffalo, Bison, Moose.
Bullet diameter .308".
Bullet weight 165 grains.
Bullet ballistic coefficient .447.
Bullet muzzle velocity 2,840 feet per second.
Bullet muzzle energy 2,955 foot pounds.
Range 100 Yds. 200 Yds. 300 Yds. 400 Yds. 500 Yds.
Bullet Trajectory + 2.6" + 2.0" - 4.5" - 17.9" - 39.3"
Bullet Energy 2,545 2,182 1,860 1,577 1,328
Varmint / Predaor + + + + +
Deer Size Game + + + + +
Elk Size Game + + + - -
Moose Size Game + + - - -
Directory:
Rifles
Rifle Ammunition
Rifle Dies
Rifle Brass
Rifle Bullets
308 Winchester - Reloading - Hunting & Ballistics.
.17 HM2, .17 HMR, .17 WSM, 5mm Rem. Mag., .22 BB Cap, .22 CB Cap, .22 Short, .22 Long, .22 LR, .22 WRF, .22 WMR.
17 Rem., 204 Ruger, 22 Hornet, 222 Rem., 223 Rem., 22-250 Rem., 220 Swift, 223 WSSM, 243 Win., 6mm Rem., 243 WSSM,
240 Wby. Mag., 250 Sav., 257 Roberts, 25 WSSM, 25-06 Rem., 257 Wby. Mag., 6.5 x 55mm Swedish Mauser, 260 Rem.,
6.5mm Rem. Mag., 264 Win. Mag., 6.8 Rem., 270 Win., 270 WSM, 270 Wby. Mag., 280 Rem., 7mm Rem. Mag., 7mm WSM,
30-30 Win., 308 Win., 30-06 Sprg., 300 Win. Mag., 300 WSM, 300 Wby. Mag., 325 WSM, 338 Win. Mag., 340 Wby. Mag.,
357 Mag., 44 Rem. Mag., 444 Marlin, 45-70 Government.