Rifle - Cartridge - Ballistics - Copyright.
308 Winchester
7.62 NATO
308 Winchester Reloading
308 Winchester Hunting & Ballistics
308 Winchester Ballistics Table

308 Winchester:

 The 308 Winchester, also known as its metric nomenclature; 7.62x51mm, is a .30" caliber, rimless, bottleneck cartridge case design, centerfire rifle cartridge. The 308 Winchester cartridge casing is reloadable after the cartridge has been fired or spent with various combinations of primer, powder and .308" diameter bullets.

Specifications:
308 Winchester Cartridge:
Cartridge Type: Centerfire Rifle.
Bullet Diameter: .308".
Primer Diameter: .210".
Primer Type: Large Rifle.
Case Neck Diameter: .343".
Case Shoulder Diameter: .454".
Case Base Diameter: .471".
Case Rim Diameter: .473".
Min. Case Length: 2.005" / Trimmed.
Max. Case Length: 2.015" / Stretched.
Min. Cartridge Loaded Length: 2.490".
Max. Cartridge Loaded Length: 2.810".
Max. Average Pressure: 62,000 PSI.
308 Winchester Rifle:
Common Barrel Length: 24".
Rifling Twist Rates: 1 in 10" - 1 in 12".
Bore Land Diameter: .300" / 7.62mm.
Bore Groove Diameter: .308" / 7.82mm.
308 Winchester Ammunition:
Ballistics Table, Test Rifle:
Weight - 8.5 Lbs.
Barrel Length - 24".
308 Winchester
Cartridge
Manufacturer
Bullet
Weight
Grains
Bullet
Ballistic
Coefficient
Muzzle
Velocity
FPS.
Muzzle
Energy
FT.LBS.
Recoil
Energy
FT.LBS.
Hornady 110 .290 3,165 2,447 11.62
Winchester 120 .256 2,850 2,164 11.47
Nosler 125 .366 3,175 2,798 13.97
Cor-Bon 130 .340 3,000 2,598 13.66
Winchester 147 .415 2,800 2,559 14.77
Hornady 150 .415 3,000 2,997 16.75
Hornady 155 .435 2,865 2,825 16.58
Hornady 165 .447 2,840 2,955 17.95
Winchester 168 .474 2,670 2,659 17.05
Federal 170 .284 2,000 1,510 12.12
Federal 175 .505 2,600 2,627 17.64
Hornady 178 .530 2,775 3,043 19.83
Remington 180 .402 2,620 2,743 18.76
History:

The very popular 308 Winchester centerfire rifle cartridge was introduced to the public as a civilian sporting cartridge by Winchester in September 1952. Winchesters Model 70 bolt action and Model 88 lever action rifles were then chambered for the commercial 308 Winchester cartridge. Two years later, in 1954, the 308 Winchester or 7.62x51mm cartridge would be adopted by NATO and the cartridge would also be known as the 7.62 NATO cartridge.

 The most surprising thing with 308 Winchester chambered rifles is most are very accurate and with a barrel length of 22" you still have excellent bullet velocity for a small case capacity cartridge. The 308 Winchester is a very good cartridge for those wanting to make use of a .308" diameter bullet for hunting but not wanting the felt recoil of a 300 Winchester Magnum rifle or 30-06 Springfield. The 308 Winchester offers users rifle recoil that is quite tolerable when shooting 125-165 grain weight bullets.

 The short-rifle-action 308 Winchester rifle cartridge was introduced to the public in 1952, since that time, additional rifle cartridges of different calibers and names have been introduced based on the use of the 308 Winchester cartridge case as the parent case thus creating a family of rifle cartridges with similar case capacity for rifle powder that fit lighter weight, short-action-rifles. All of which offer low recoil and good ballistics:
243 Winchester, .24" Caliber.
260 Remington, .26" Caliber.
7mm-08 Remington, .28" Caliber.
308 Winchester, .30" Caliber.
7.62 NATO, .30" Caliber.
338 Federal, .33" Caliber.
358 Winchester, .35" Caliber.

Uses:

 The 308 Winchester cartridge has been used by bench rest NRA high power and metallic silhouette shooters quite successfully in competition, lending well to its accuracy reputation which is in part due to less recoil felt by shooters that the cartridge generates.

 The 308 Winchester is beyond any doubt one of the most popular cartridges in the world today. It is chambered in many different rifle and carbine actions; bolt actions, pump actions, lever actions, break actions and semi-auto actions, barrel lengths are available from 16" to 26". Add a good selection of available ammunition from 110 grain home defense type to 165 grain elk and moose hunting type, uses are almost endless for the 308 Winchester.

 While much has been written about the 308 Winchester cartridge it truly is a great hunting cartridge and is used as such worldwide. In North America 150 grain bullets are used quite successfully for harvesting all deer species, for the largest deer, such as moose, premium ammunition loaded with 165 grain bullets is a very good choice. The 308 Winchester offers very good hunting ballistics when hunting for;
Bobcat - Cougar - Coyote
Antelope - Hogs - Javelina
Blacktail Deer - Mule Deer - Whitetail Deer
Bears - Caribou - Elk - Moose - Sheep.

308 Winchester Rifle:
Winchester Model 70
Rifle barrel length: 24 Inches.
Rifle-scope mounted height: 1.8 inches.
308 Winchester Ammunition:
Cartridge manufacturer: Hornady.
Bullet diameter: .308 Inch.
Bullet weight: 150 Grains.
Bullet ballistic coefficient: .415.
308 Winchester Ballistics:
Rifle zeroed at 220 yards.
Maximum point blank range is 260 yards.
Bullet trajectory set at 2 inch mid-range rise.
Bullet
@
Velocity
/ FPS.
Energy
/ FT.LBS.
Trajectory
/ IN.
Muzzle 3,000 2,997 - 1.8
100 yds. 2,772 2,559 + 1.8
200 yds. 2,556 2,176 + 0.8
300 yds. 2,350 1,839 - 5.5
400 yds. 2,153 1,543 - 18.1
500 yds. 1,966 1,287 - 38.2
Abbreviations:
/ FPS. = Feet Per Second.
/ FT.LBS. = Foot Pounds.
/ IN. = Inches.
308 Winchester Rifle:
Winchester Model 70
Rifle barrel length: 24 Inches.
Rifle-scope mounted height: 1.8 inches.
308 Winchester Ammunition:
Cartridge manufacturer: Hornady.
Bullet diameter: .308 Inch.
Bullet weight: 165 Grains.
Bullet ballistic coefficient: .447.
308 Winchester Ballistics:
Rifle zeroed at 242 yards.
Maximum point blank range is 285 yards.
Bullet trajectory set at 3 inch mid-range rise.
Bullet
@
Velocity
/ FPS.
Energy
/ FT.LBS.
Trajectory
/ IN.
Muzzle 2,840 2,955 - 1.8
100 yds. 2,636 2,545 + 2.6
200 yds. 2,440 2,182 + 2.0
300 yds. 2,253 1,860 - 4.5
400 yds. 2,074 1,577 - 17.9
500 yds. 1,904 1,328 - 39.3
Abbreviations:
/ FPS. = Feet Per Second.
/ FT.LBS. = Foot Pounds.
/ IN. = Inches.

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