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308 Winchester / Reloading / Hunting & Ballistics.
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308 Winchester:
Written by: Kim Lockhart, Copyright.

The 308 Winchester is a very popular .30" caliber, bottleneck centerfire rifle cartridge design that was introduced to the public as a civilian sporting cartridge by Winchester in September 1952. Winchester's Model 70 bolt action and Model 88 lever action rifles were then chambered for the cartridge. This cartridge has been used by bench rest NRA high power and metallic silhouette shooters quite successfully in competition, lending well to its accuracy reputation which is in part due to less recoil felt by shooters that the cartridge generates. While much has been written about the 308 Winchester cartridge it truly is a great hunting cartridge and is used as such worldwide. In North America 150 grain bullets are used quite successfully for harvesting all deer species, for the largest deer, such as moose, premium ammunition loaded with 165 grain bullets is a very good choice.

.308 Winchester Ammunition:
 The most surprising thing with .308 Winchester chambered rifles is most are very accurate and with a barrel length of 22" you still have excellent bullet velocity for a small case capacity cartridge. The 308 Winchester is a very good cartridge for those wanting to make use of a .308" diameter bullet for hunting but not wanting the felt recoil of a 300 Winchester Magnum rifle or 30-06 Springfield. The 308 Winchester recoil is quite tolerable when shooting 125-165 grain weight bullets. With bullet weights of 125 grains, 308 Winchester chambered rifles can be used for predator hunting, 150 grain bullets for smaller deer hunting, 165 grain bullets for larger deer such as moose and elk.

Current Winchester Ammunition Selection:
.308 Winchester
Bullet Type
Bullet
Weight
Bullet Ballistic
Coefficient
Bullet Muzzle
Velocity
Bullet Muzzle
Energy
PDX1 Defender 120 Gr. .256 2,850 Fps. 2,164 Ft. Lbs.
Full Metal Jacket 147 Gr. .415 2,800 Fps. 2,559 Ft. Lbs.
Ballistic Silvertip 150 Gr. .435 2,810 Fps. 2,629 Ft. Lbs.
E-Tip 150 Gr. .469 2,810 Fps. 2,629 Ft. Lbs.
Power Core 150 Gr. .344 2,820 Fps. 2,648 Ft. Lbs.
Power Max Bonded 150 Gr. .325 2,820 Fps. 2,648 Ft. Lbs.
Power Point 150 Gr. .294 2,820 Fps. 2,648 Ft. Lbs.
Razorback XT 150 Gr. .344 2,810 Fps. 2,629 Ft. Lbs.
XP3 150 Gr. .437 2,825 Fps. 2,658 Ft. Lbs.
Balistic Silvertip 168 Gr. .474 2,670 Fps. 2,659 Ft. Lbs.
Boat-Tail Match 168 Gr. .453 2,680 Fps. 2,679 Ft. Lbs.
Power Point 180 Gr. .382 2,620 Fps. 2,743 Ft. Lbs.
.308 Winchester
Bullet Type
Bullet
Weight
Bullet Design And Construction Determine Usage.
Winchester Ammunition Suggested Usage:
PDX 1 Defender 120 Gr. Personal Protection
Full Metal Jacket 147 Gr. Plinking - Target
Ballistic Silvertip 150 Gr. Antelope - Black Bear - Black-Tailed Deer
Grizzly Bear - Caribou - Elk - Moose
Mule Deer - White-Tailed Deer - Wild Boar
E-Tip 150 Gr. Antelope - Black Bear - Black-Tailed Deer
Grizzly Bear - Caribou - Elk - Moose
Mule Deer - White-Tailed Deer - Wild Boar
Power Core 150 Gr. Antelope - Black Bear - Black-Tailed Deer
Mule Deer - White-Tailed Deer - Wild Boar
Power Max Bonded 150 Gr. Antelope - Black Bear - Black-Tailed Deer
Mule Deer - White-Tailed Deer - Wild Boar
Power Point 150 Gr. Antelope - Black Bear - Black-Tailed Deer
Mule Deer - White-Tailed Deer
Razorback XT 150 Gr. Wild Boar
XP3 150 Gr. Antelope - Bison - Black Bear - Black-Tailed Deer
Grizzly Bear - Caribou - Elk - Kudu - Leopard - Lion
Moose - Mule Deer - White-Tailed Deer - Wild Boar
Ballistic Silvertip 168 Gr. Antelope - Black Bear - Black-Tailed Deer
Grizzly Bear - Caribou - Elk - Moose
Mule Deer - White-Tailed Deer - Wild Boar
Boat-Tail Match 168 Gr. Target
Power Point 180 Gr. Antelope - Black Bear - Black-Tailed Deer
Mule Deer - White-Tailed Deer


308 Winchester Hunting Performance:

243 Winchester vs. 260 Remington vs. 7mm-08 Remington vs. 308 Winchester.
25-06 Remington vs. 270 Winchester vs. 280 Remington vs. 30-06 Springfield.
264 Winchester Magnum vs. 7mm Remington Magnum vs. 300 Winchester Magnum.

.308 Winchester Rifle Barrel Specifications:

Barrel Length - 24".
Bore Twist Rate - (1 in 12" Varmint) and (1 in 10" Big Game).
Bore Groove Diameter - .308".
Free-Bore - Twist Rates - Twist Effects - Hunting & Ballistics.
.308 Winchester Barrel Twist Effects:
Bullet Expansion and Centrifugal Forces.
(1 in 12" Varmint) Vs. (1 in 10" Big Game)
Ammuntion: .308 Winchester 150 Grain Power-Core.
Fps. = Feet per second.
Rps. = Revolutions per second.
Bullet Muzzle 100 Yards 200 Yards 300 Yards 400 Yards 500 Yards
Velocity 2,820 Fps. 2,557 Fps. 2,309 Fps. 2,075 Fps. 1,856 Fps. 1,653 Fps.
1 In 10" Twist 3,384 Rps. 3,068 Rps. 2,770 Rps. 2,490 Rps. 2,227 Rps. 1,983 Rps.
1 In 12" Twist 2,820 Rps. 2,557 Rps. 2,309 Rps. 2,075 Rps. 1,856 Rps. 1,653 Rps.
.308 Winchester Rifle Accuracy:
Rifle Barrel Break-In - Rifle Scopes - Mounts - Mounting.

.308 Winchester Ammunition Choices:
 The .308 Winchester rifle chambering is an excellent choice for deer hunting with proper load selection. For 1 in 12" twist varmint rifle barrels, Winchester's 150 grain power-point and power-core ammunition expands quite readily. For the 1 in 10" twist big-game rifle barrels, Winchester's 150 grain power-point and power-core ammunition might expand too readily at close range making the 150 grain ballistic-silvertip and e-tip of Winchester's a better choice.

 This is a down range ballistics chart for the 308 Winchester with the scope mounted 1.8 inches above the bore center line.
Antelope, Black-Tailed Deer, Hogs, Javelina, Mule Deer
And White-Tailed Deer Hunting.
Winchester Ammunition:
Bullet Type And Weight: Ballistic Silvertip 150 Grains.
Bullet Ballistic Coefficient: .435.
Rifle Zero: 50 Yards.
Bullet
Range
Bullet
Velocity
Bullet
Energy
Bullet
Trajectory
Muzzle 2,810 Fps. 2,629 Ft. Lbs. - 1.8 In.
50 Yards 2,704 Fps. 2,436 Ft. Lbs. Zero
100 Yards 2,601 Fps. 2,254 Ft. Lbs. + 0.6 In.
150 Yards 2,501 Fps. 2,083 Ft. Lbs. - 0.1 In.
200 Yards 2,402 Fps. 1,922 Ft. Lbs. - 2.2 In.
250 Yards 2,306 Fps. 1,771 Ft. Lbs. - 5.7 In.
300 Yards 2,212 Fps. 1,630 Ft. Lbs. - 11.0 In.
350 Yards 2,120 Fps. 1,497 Ft. Lbs. - 18.0 In.
400 Yards 2,030 Fps. 1,373 Ft. Lbs. - 26.9 In.
450 Yards 1,943 Fps. 1,257 Ft. Lbs. - 37.9 In.
500 Yards 1,858 Fps. 1,150 Ft. Lbs. - 51.3 In.

 The 308 Winchester chambering is more than adequate for elk, moose and bison hunting. The 308 Winchester is good for elk out to about 250 yards with most factory 150 grain, no frills ammunition. Using premium ammo and you can stretch out an additional 50 yards or so. When hunting larger moose and bison I prefer 2,000 foot pounds of bullet energy when the bullet strikes the animal down-range, elk I like 1,800 foot pounds of bullet energy. Winchester has been steadily improving their ammunition lines for years and one of their best loads for elk, moose, bison, grizzly bears is the 150 grain XP3. That same load can be used to hunt African thin skinned animals as well with the .308 Winchester big-game rifle.

 This is a down range ballistics chart for the 308 Winchester with the scope mounted 1.8 inches above the bore center line.
Larger Black Bear, Grizzly Bear, Moose, Caribou,
Sheep And Elk Hunting.
Winchester Ammunition:
Bullet Type And Weight: XP3 150 Grains.
Bullet Ballistic Coefficient: .437.
Rifle Zero: 50 Yards.
Bullet
Range
Bullet
Velocity
Bullet
Energy
Bullet
Trajectory
Muzzle 2,825 Fps. 2,658 Ft. Lbs. - 1.8 In.
50 Yards 2,719 Fps. 2,463 Ft. Lbs. Zero
100 Yards 2,617 Fps. 2,280 Ft. Lbs. + 0.6 In.
150 Yards 2,516 Fps. 2,109 Ft. Lbs. 0 In.
200 Yards 2,418 Fps. 1,947 Ft. Lbs. - 2.1 In.
250 Yards 2,322 Fps. 1,795 Ft. Lbs. - 5.6 In.
300 Yards 2,228 Fps. 1,653 Ft. Lbs. - 10.7 In.
350 Yards 2,136 Fps. 1,519 Ft. Lbs. - 17.6 In.
400 Yards 2,046 Fps. 1,394 Ft. Lbs. - 26.4 In.
450 Yards 1,959 Fps. 1,278 Ft. Lbs. - 37.3 In.
500 Yards 1,874 Fps. 1,169 Ft. Lbs. - 50.4 In.

Hornady Ammunition And Use Rating:
Large Game
(901-1,500 H.I.T.S.)
 A rating of 901 to 1,500 specifies (cartridge-bullet) combinations well-suited for large and heavy, but not generally considered dangerous game. This includes elk, moose, African plains game, red stag, American bison, and other animals weighing between
(300 to 2,000 pounds).

 This is a down range ballistics chart for the 308 Winchester with the scope mounted 1.8 inches above the bore center line.
Larger Black Bear, Grizzly Bear, Moose, Caribou,
Sheep And Elk Hunting.
Hornady Ammunition: (H.I.T.S. Rating 1,162).
Bullet Type And Weight: SST 165 Grains.
Bullet Ballistic Coefficient: .447.
Rifle Zero: 50 Yards.
Bullet
Range
Bullet
Velocity
Bullet
Energy
Bullet
Trajectory
Muzzle 2,840 Fps. 2,955 Ft. Lbs. - 1.8 In.
50 Yards 2,736 Fps. 2,743 Ft. Lbs. Zero
100 Yards 2,636 Fps. 2,545 Ft. Lbs. + 0.6 In.
150 Yards 2,537 Fps. 2,358 Ft. Lbs. 0 In.
200 Yards 2,440 Fps. 2,182 Ft. Lbs. - 2.0 In.
250 Yards 2,346 Fps. 2,016 Ft. Lbs. - 5.4 In.
300 Yards 2,253 Fps. 1,860 Ft. Lbs. - 10.4 In.
350 Yards 2,163 Fps. 1,714 Ft. Lbs. - 17.2 In.
400 Yards 2,075 Fps. 1,577 Ft. Lbs. - 25.7 In.
450 Yards 1,988 Fps. 1,448 Ft. Lbs. - 36.4 In.
500 Yards 1,904 Fps. 1,329 Ft. Lbs. - 49.2 In.

.308 Winchester Handloads:
 For medium and large sized game animal hunters, Accurates 2520 rifle powder does an impressive job of launching 150 grain .308" diameter Hornady SST bullets at high velocity for .308 Winchester rifle users that handload their own ammunition. The Hornady bullet has a high ballistic coefficient of .415 which allows this bullet to carry plenty of energy down-range for hunting all of the North American deer species incuding elk and moose.

 This is a down range ballistics chart for the 308 Winchester with the scope mounted 1.8 inches above the bore center line.
Antelope, Black-Tailed Deer, Hogs, Javelina, Mule Deer, White-Tailed Deer, Moose, Caribou, Sheep And Elk Hunting.
308 Winchester Reloading, Handload: (H.I.T.S. Rating 942)
Bullet Type And Weight: Hornady SST 150 Grains.
Bullet Ballistic Coefficient: .415.
Rifle Zero: 50 Yards.
Bullet
Range
Bullet
Velocity
Bullet
Energy
Bullet
Trajectory
Muzzle 3,006 Fps. 3,009 Ft. Lbs. - 1.8 In.
50 Yards 2,890 Fps. 2,782 Ft. Lbs. Zero
100 Yards 2,778 Fps. 2,570 Ft. Lbs. + 0.7 In.
150 Yards 2,668 Fps. 2,371 Ft. Lbs. + 0.4 In.
200 Yards 2,561 Fps. 2,185 Ft. Lbs. - 1.2 In.
250 Yards 2,457 Fps. 2,010 Ft. Lbs. - 4.2 In.
300 Yards 2,355 Fps. 1,847 Ft. Lbs. - 8.5 In.
350 Yards 2,255 Fps. 1,694 Ft. Lbs. - 14.5 In.
400 Yards 2,158 Fps. 1,550 Ft. Lbs. - 22.1 In.
450 Yards 2,063 Fps. 1,417 Ft. Lbs. - 31.6 In.
500 Yards 1,970 Fps. 1,293 Ft. Lbs. - 43.2 In.

.308 Winchester Gun Facts Conclusion:
 The.308 Winchester is a rock solid hunting rifle and cartridge combination with minimal bullet drop out to 250 yards for all North American big-game animals. If you were looking to buy a new rifle just to hunt in North America and you were going to hunt white-tailed deer for the most part and have excellent shooting skills, the .308 Winchester offers plenty of range and energy for that type of hunting out to about 500 yards. If you were going to hunt elk and moose some of the time, well the 308 Winchester offers enough bullet weight and energy for that also, out to about 300 yards. The .308 Winchester big-game rifle is more than capable of taking all North American game.

(Gunnersden.com, home of gun facts and not fiction.)


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