Shotguns - Turkey - Remington 870.
Gunsmithing - Burnish - Forcing Cones.
Chokes - Tubes - Types - Turkey.
Shells - Steel - Lead - Turkey - Slugs.
Shooting - Stringing - Drop - Game Guide
Pattern - Turkey - Analysis - Improve

Precision Black Grid Clay Target Precision Orange Grid Clay Target Precision Black Grid Dove Target Precision Orange Grid Dove Target Precision Black And White Turkey Target Precision Black And White Turkey Target With Black Grid
Precision Black And White Turkey Target With Details Precision Black And White Turkey Target With Details And Black Grid Precision Black Grid Over Ghost Turkey Image Target Precision Black And White Turkey Target With Orange Vitals Precision Black And White Turkey Target With Orange Vitals And Grid Precision Black And White Turkey Target With Details And Orange Vitals
Precision Black And White Turkey Target With Details, Orange Vitals And Grid Precision Black And Orange Turkey Target Precision Black And Orange Turkey Target With White Grid Precision Black And Orange Turkey Target With Details Precision Black And Orange Turkey Target With Details And White Grid Precision Orange Grid Over Ghost Turkey Image Target
Ballistics Tables:
Centerfire Rifle - Rimfire Rifle - Handgun - Muzzleloader - Shotgun Slug.
Shotgun Shells - Shotgun Game Guide.
Shot, Choke & Game Guide:
 The shotgun is very popular for upland game hunting with bird hunting the most popular, a shotgun hunter must pay close attention to the type of shot used in shotshells and correct choke selection to ensure an effective and humane kill shot on wild game.

 The shotgun will place 70% of shotshell shot in a 30" circle at various yardages and this is the idealistic pattern kill zone, no wounding, no over-kill which destroys the useable meat, this means the 30" circular pattern will cleanly kill anything in this 30" zone. The shotgun achieves this for the hunter with the following choke selection and yardages:

Full Choke, 30" kill zone at 40 yards.
Modified Choke, 30" kill zone at 35 yards.
Improved Cylinder Choke, 30" kill zone at 30 yards.
Cylinder Bore, 30" kill zone at 25 yards.

 Below is a list of game that can be hunted with the shotgun along with recommendations as to proper shot and choke tube selection for various ranges for humane hunting practices with shotgun use.

For Doves & Pigeon Hunting:
Use #6, #7 1/2, #8 & #9 Lead Shot.
For normal ranges, use #7 1/2 or #8 lead shot for light shooting.
For longer ranges, use heavier loads of larger shot.
Modified Choke is the most effective.

For Ducks & Geese Hunting:
Use T, BBB, BB, #1, #2, #3, #4 & #6 Steel Shot.
For ducks at normal ranges #2 and #4 steel shot are the most popular. BBB steel shot is the most effective for geese.
Improved Cylinder Choke, for small ducks up to 45 yds.
Modified Choke, for medium and large ducks.
Full Choke, for geese and large ducks beyond 45 yds.

For Fox & Predator Hunting:
Use BB & #2 Lead Shot.
Full Choke is the most effective.

For Grouse & Partridge Hunting:
Use #5, #6, #7 1/2 & #8 Lead Shot.
On smaller grouse or partridge, use the smaller shot.
Use larger size shot for heavier ounce loads and larger birds.
Improved Cylinder Choke or Modified Choke, for brush.
Full Choke, for open ranges.

For Pheasant Hunting:
Use #4, #5 & #6 Lead Shot.
Use #4 Lead Shot, for field shooting where long shots are typical.
Use #5 Lead Shot, for over dogs shooting.
Use #6 Lead Shot for average hunting conditions.
Improved Cylinder Choke, for close cover.
Modified or Full Choke for long field shots.

For Quail Hunting:
Use #7 1/2, #8 & #9 Lead Shot.
For early season shooting on small quail, use #9 Lead Shot.
Larger Quail and longer shots, use #7 1/2 or #8 Lead Shot.
Improved Cylinder Choke or Modified Choke are the most effective.

For Rabbit Hunting:
Use #4, #5 & #6 Lead Shot.
Improved Cylinder Choke or Modified Choke, for brush.
Full Choke, for long, open shots.

For Squirrel Hunting:
Use #4, #5, #6 & #7 1/2 Lead Shot.
Modified Choke is most effective and least destructive.

For Turkey Hunting:
Use #2, #4, #5 & #6 Lead Shot.
The longer the range, use heavier ounce and larger shot size loads.
Full Choke - Super Full Choke are the most effective.

For Woodcock Hunting:
Use #7 1/2, #8 & #9 Lead Shot.
Use Improved Cylinder Choke in heavy brushy areas.
Use Modified Choke in more open woods cover.

Lead And Steel Shot Ballistics:

Relevant Lead Shot to Steel Shot Shotgun Ammunition Ballistic Equivalency Conversion Chart For Small Game Hunting Applications:
Steel
Size
# 6
# 4
# 3
# 2
Shot Count
1 1/8 oz.
335
212
175
141
Energy 40 yds.
1350 f.p.s.
1.3 ft.lbs.
2.4 ft.lbs.
3.4 ft.lbs.
4.0 ft.lbs.
Lead
Size
# 7 1/2
# 6
# 5
# 4
Shot Count
1 oz.
350
225
170
135
Energy 40 yds.
1350 f.p.s.
1.3 ft.lbs.
2.3 ft.lbs.
3.5 ft.lbs.
4.0 ft.lbs.
Steel
Size
BB
Shot Count
1 1/8 oz.
80
Energy 60 yds.
1350 f.p.s.
5.6 ft.lbs.
Lead
Size
# 2
Shot Count
1 oz.
87
Energy 60 yds.
1350 f.p.s.
4.9 ft.lbs.

#4 Steel Shot, Pellet Weight 2.278 Grains, Velocity 1,375 FPS.
Down Range
20 yds.
30 yds.
40 yds.
50 yds.
60 yds.
Pellet Velocity / FPS.:
935
785
675
590
515
Pellet Energy / FT. LBS.:
4.71
3.32
2.46
1.88
1.43
Pellet Time Of Flight / SEC.:
.0517
.0869
.1283
.1761
.2307
#6 Lead Shot, Pellet Weight 1.947 Grains, Velocity 1,330 FPS.
Down Range
20 yds.
30 yds.
40 yds.
50 yds.
60 yds.
Pellet Velocity / FPS.:
940
800
700
620
550
Pellet Energy / FT. LBS.:
3.81
2.76
2.11
1.66
1.30
Pellet Time Of Flight / SEC.:
.0529
.0876
.1278
.1736
.2252
#2 Steel Shot, Pellet Weight 3.509 Grains, Velocity 1,375 FPS.
Down Range
20 yds.
30 yds.
40 yds.
50 yds.
60 yds.
Pellet Velocity / FPS.:
965
815
710
625
555
Pellet Energy / FT. LBS.:
7.64
5.45
4.14
3.21
2.53
Pellet Time Of Flight / SEC.:
.0510
.0849
.1244
.1695
.2205
#4 Lead Shot, Pellet Weight 3.248 Grains, Velocity 1,330 FPS.
Down Range
20 yds.
30 yds.
40 yds.
50 yds.
60 yds.
Pellet Velocity / FPS.:
970
840
740
660
590
Pellet Energy / FT. LBS.:
6.72
5.04
3.91
3.11
2.49
Pellet Time Of Flight / SEC.:
.0519
.0852
.1235
.1666
.2147


Brownells
Shotshell Prices & Inventory
Choke Tubes

Cabela's
Shotshell Prices & Inventory
Choke Tubes
Slugs, Choke & Game Guide:

 The smooth-bore shotgun can be used quite successfully when hunting larger animals such as deer. A little knowledge goes a long way here. Most smooth-bore shotguns using full-bore lead slugs will group shots, at 50 yards, under 4 inches, which is good enough for deer hunting in thick or heavy cover. Shotgun lead slugs are big and heavy, not very conducive for flat trajectories, however, at only 800 foot pounds of slug energy when it makes contact with a deer, yields very good tasting venison.

For Whitetail Deer Hunting:
Use Improved Cylinder, Modified, Improved Modified or Full Choke.
Rifled slugs can be somewhat difficult at times to gain accuracy, usually, by trying various choke tubes, good reliable accuracy can be achieved. It is not unusual for rifled slugs to produce groups under 2" at 50 yards by simply finding the right choke tube.

12 Gauge Rifled Slug Ballistics:
Shell Manufacturer: Remington.
Shell ID: RL12RS, Managed Recoil.
Shell Length: 2.75"
Slug Weight: 1 Ounce.
Muzzle Velocity: 1,200 FPS.
Muzzle Energy: 1,397 FT.LBS.
Slug
@
Velocity
/ FPS.
Energy
/ FT.LBS.
Trajectory
/ IN.
50 yds. 988 948 0
100 yds. 873 739 - 7.4
Abbreviations:
/ FPS. = Feet Per Second.
/ FT.LBS. = Foot Pounds.
/ IN. = Inches.
12 Gauge Rifled Slug Ballistics:
Shell Manufacturer: Remington.
Shell ID: SP12RS, Slugger.
Shell Length: 2.75"
Slug Weight: 1 Ounce.
Muzzle Velocity: 1,560 FPS.
Muzzle Energy: 2,361 FT.LBS.
Slug
@
Velocity
/ FPS.
Energy
/ FT.LBS.
Trajectory
/ IN.
50 yds. 1,175 1,340 0
100 yds. 977 926 - 4.8
Abbreviations:
/ FPS. = Feet Per Second.
/ FT.LBS. = Foot Pounds.
/ IN. = Inches.

12 Gauge Rifled Slug Ballistics:
Shell Manufacturer: Remington.
Shell ID: S12SRS, Slugger.
Shell Length: 2.75"
Slug Weight: 1 Ounce.
Muzzle Velocity: 1,680 FPS.
Muzzle Energy: 2,738 FT.LBS.
Slug
@
Velocity
/ FPS.
Energy
/ FT.LBS.
Trajectory
/ IN.
50 yds. 1,285 1,605 0
100 yds. 1,045 1,059 - 3.8
Abbreviations:
/ FPS. = Feet Per Second.
/ FT.LBS. = Foot Pounds.
/ IN. = Inches.
12 Gauge Rifled Slug Ballistics:
Shell Manufacturer: Remington.
Shell ID: SPHV12RS, Slugger High Velocity.
Shell Length: 2.75"
Slug Weight: 7/8 Ounce.
Muzzle Velocity: 1,800 FPS.
Muzzle Energy: 2,751 FT.LBS.
Slug
@
Velocity
/ FPS.
Energy
/ FT.LBS.
Trajectory
/ IN.
50 yds. 1,252 1,442 0
100 yds. 978 813 - 4.1
Abbreviations:
/ FPS. = Feet Per Second.
/ FT.LBS. = Foot Pounds.
/ IN. = Inches.

12 Gauge Rifled Slug Ballistics:
Shell Manufacturer: Remington.
Shell ID: S12MRS, Slugger.
Shell Length: 3.00"
Slug Weight: 1 Ounce.
Muzzle Velocity: 1,760 FPS.
Muzzle Energy: 3,005 FT.LBS.
Slug
@
Velocity
/ FPS.
Energy
/ FT.LBS.
Trajectory
/ IN.
50 yds. 1,345 1,753 0
100 yds. 1,075 1,121 - 3.4
Abbreviations:
/ FPS. = Feet Per Second.
/ FT.LBS. = Foot Pounds.
/ IN. = Inches.
12 Gauge Rifled Slug Ballistics:
Shell Manufacturer: Remington.
Shell ID: SPHV12MRS, Slugger High Velocity.
Shell Length: 3.00"
Slug Weight: 7/8 Ounce.
Muzzle Velocity: 1,875 FPS.
Muzzle Energy: 2,989 FT.LBS.
Slug
@
Velocity
/ FPS.
Energy
/ FT.LBS.
Trajectory
/ IN.
50 yds. 1,302 1,517 0
100 yds. 998 847 - 3.7
Abbreviations:
/ FPS. = Feet Per Second.
/ FT.LBS. = Foot Pounds.
/ IN. = Inches.

20 Gauge Rifled Slug Ballistics:
Shell Manufacturer: Remington.
Shell ID: SP20RS, Slugger.
Shell Length: 2.75"
Slug Weight: 5/8 Ounce.
Muzzle Velocity: 1,580 FPS.
Muzzle Energy: 1,513 FT.LBS.
Slug
@
Velocity
/ FPS.
Energy
/ FT.LBS.
Trajectory
/ IN.
50 yds. 1,240 931 0
100 yds. 1,034 648 - 4.2
Abbreviations:
/ FPS. = Feet Per Second.
/ FT.LBS. = Foot Pounds.
/ IN. = Inches.
20 Gauge Rifled Slug Ballistics:
Shell Manufacturer: Remington.
Shell ID: SPHV20RS, Slugger High Velocity.
Shell Length: 2.75"
Slug Weight: 1/2 Ounce.
Muzzle Velocity: 1,800 FPS.
Muzzle Energy: 1,575 FT.LBS.
Slug
@
Velocity
/ FPS.
Energy
/ FT.LBS.
Trajectory
/ IN.
50 yds. 1,321 848 0
100 yds. 1,037 523 - 3.6
Abbreviations:
/ FPS. = Feet Per Second.
/ FT.LBS. = Foot Pounds.
/ IN. = Inches.

16 Gauge Rifled Slug Ballistics:
Shell Manufacturer: Remington.
Shell ID: SP16RS, Slugger.
Shell Length: 2.75"
Slug Weight: 4/5 Ounce.
Muzzle Velocity: 1,600 FPS.
Muzzle Energy: 1,989 FT.LBS.
Slug
@
Velocity
/ FPS.
Energy
/ FT.LBS.
Trajectory
/ IN.
50 yds. 1,175 1,072 0
100 yds. 965 724 - 4.8
Abbreviations:
/ FPS. = Feet Per Second.
/ FT.LBS. = Foot Pounds.
/ IN. = Inches.
.410 Rifled Slug Ballistics:
Shell Manufacturer: Remington.
Shell ID: SP41RS, Slugger.
Shell Length: 2.50"
Slug Weight: 1/5 Ounce.
Muzzle Velocity: 1,830 FPS.
Muzzle Energy: 654 FT.LBS.
Slug
@
Velocity
/ FPS.
Energy
/ FT.LBS.
Trajectory
/ IN.
50 yds. 1,335 348 0
100 yds. 1,040 211 - 3.5
Abbreviations:
/ FPS. = Feet Per Second.
/ FT.LBS. = Foot Pounds.
/ IN. = Inches.

Rifled Choke Tubes, Rifled Barrels And Sabot Slugs:

 The smooth-bore shotgun will shoot with reasonable accuracy different saboted slugs with the use of a rifled choke tube, however, by adding full-length, full-bore rifling in the barrel, accuracy is better and useable slug distance is greater for deer hunting.

12 Gauge Saboted Slug Ballistics:
Shell Manufacturer: Remington.
Shell ID: PRA12, Premier AccuTip.
Shell Length: 2.75"
Slug Weight: 385 Grain.
Muzzle Velocity: 1,850 FPS.
Muzzle Energy: 2,925 FT.LBS.
Slug
@
Velocity
/ FPS.
Energy
/ FT.LBS.
Trajectory
/ IN.
50 yds. 1,611 2,019 0
100 yds. 1,401 1,678 - 1.9
150 yds. 1,227 1,286 - 8.2
Abbreviations:
/ FPS. = Feet Per Second.
/ FT.LBS. = Foot Pounds.
/ IN. = Inches.
12 Gauge Saboted Slug Ballistics:
Shell Manufacturer: Remington.
Shell ID: PRA12M, Premier AccuTip.
Shell Length: 3.00"
Slug Weight: 385 Grain.
Muzzle Velocity: 1,900 FPS.
Muzzle Energy: 3,086 FT.LBS.
Slug
@
Velocity
/ FPS.
Energy
/ FT.LBS.
Trajectory
/ IN.
50 yds. 1,656 2,344 0
100 yds. 1,440 1,772 - 1.7
150 yds. 1,258 1,352 - 7.6
Abbreviations:
/ FPS. = Feet Per Second.
/ FT.LBS. = Foot Pounds.
/ IN. = Inches.

20 Gauge Saboted Slug Ballistics:
Shell Manufacturer: Remington.
Shell ID: PRA20, Premier AccuTip.
Shell Length: 2.75"
Slug Weight: 260 Grains.
Muzzle Velocity: 1,850 FPS.
Muzzle Energy: 1,976 FT.LBS.
Slug
@
Velocity
/ FPS.
Energy
/ FT.LBS.
Trajectory
/ IN.
50 yds. 1,609 1,495 0
100 yds. 1,398 1,129 - 1.9
150 yds. 1,224 864 - 8.2
Abbreviations:
/ FPS. = Feet Per Second.
/ FT.LBS. = Foot Pounds.
/ IN. = Inches.
20 Gauge Saboted Slug Ballistics:
Shell Manufacturer: Remington.
Shell ID: PRA20M, Premier AccuTip.
Shell Length: 3.00"
Slug Weight: 260 Grains.
Muzzle Velocity: 1,900 FPS.
Muzzle Energy: 2,084 FT.LBS.
Slug
@
Velocity
/ FPS.
Energy
/ FT.LBS.
Trajectory
/ IN.
50 yds. 1,654 1,580 0
100 yds. 1,437 1,192 - 1.7
150 yds. 1,254 908 - 7.6
Abbreviations:
/ FPS. = Feet Per Second.
/ FT.LBS. = Foot Pounds.
/ IN. = Inches.

Shotgun Slug Shooting:

Brownells
Shotgun Slugs Current Price & Inventory
Rifled Shotgun Barrels
Rifled Choke Tubes

Cabela's
Shotgun Slugs Current Price & Inventory
Shotgun Barrels
Choke Tubes
Shotgun Resources And References:
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Free Shotgun Targets:
Precision Black Grid Clay Target Precision Orange Grid Clay Target Precision Black Grid Dove Target Precision Orange Grid Dove Target Precision Black And White Turkey Target Precision Black And White Turkey Target With Black Grid
Precision Black And White Turkey Target With Details Precision Black And White Turkey Target With Details And Black Grid Precision Black Grid Over Ghost Turkey Image Target Precision Black And White Turkey Target With Orange Vitals Precision Black And White Turkey Target With Orange Vitals And Grid Precision Black And White Turkey Target With Details And Orange Vitals
Turkeys And Turkey Hunting:
Turkeys
Turkey Hunting
Turkey Hunting Shotguns
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Turkey Hunting Shotgun Shells
Turkey Hunting Shotgun Patterning
White-tails And Deer Hunting:
White-tail Deer
White-tail Deer Hunting
Where To Shoot A White-tail Deer
Wild Game And Field Care
Processing - Nutritional Value
Small Game:
Rabbits - Squirrels.
Upland Birds:
Dove - Grouse - Pheasant - Quail - Woodcock.
Waterfowl:
Ducks - Geese.
Big Game:
Antelope - Bear - Hogs - Javelina - Sheep
Deer - Black-Tail Deer - Caribou - Elk
Moose - Mule Deer.
Varmints & Predators:
Bobcat - Cougar - Coyote.