| In 1866, Oliver Winchester, reorganized his New Haven Arms company into Winchester Repeating Arms Company. Winchester had the Henry rifle completely modified and improved to become the first Winchester rifle, the Model 1866, which fired the same .44 caliber rimfire cartridges as the Henry. The 1866 Winchester used a unique double firing pin which struck the head of the rimfire cartridge in two places which increased the chances that it would fire reliably.|
The next Winchester model was rolled out in 1873. The Winchester Model 1873 introduced the first Winchester center fire cartridge, the .44-40 WCF (Winchester Center Fire).
Oliver Winchester died in December 1880; his son and successor, William Wirt Winchester, died of tuberculosis four months later.
From 1883, John Browning worked in partnership with the Winchester Repeating Arms Company and designed a series of rifles and shotguns, most notably the
Winchester introduced the first commercial self-loading rifle, the .22 rimfire Winchester Model 1903 and later centerfire Model 1905, Model 1907, and Model 1910 rifles.
Winchester engineers, after ten years of work, designed the Model 1911 shotgun. The Winchester Model 1911 SL Shotgun was a self-loading, recoil-operated shotgun produced by the Winchester Repeating Arms from 1911 to 1925.
Winchester and Browning engineers developed the Browning .50 caliber machine gun during world war one. The .50 BMG caliber (12.7 x 99 mm) cartridge ammunition was designed by the Winchester ballistic engineers.
The Great Depression put an end to Winchester Repeating Arms Company and they went into receivership in 1931. On December 22, 1931 Winchester Repeating Arms Company was bought at bankruptcy auction by the Olin family's Western Cartridge Company.
Another Winchester Legend:
In the 1960's the cost of skilled labor made it difficult to produce Winchester's classic and legendary designs profitably. In particular, Winchester's flagship Model 12 pump shotgun and Model 70 bolt-action rifle with their hand machined forgings could no longer compete in price with Remington's cast-and-stamped 870 and 700. The result was a new line of lower quality guns that replaced most of the older high quality products in 1963-64.
On January 16, 2006 U.S. Repeating Arms announced it was closing the New Haven, Connecticut, plant where Winchester rifles and shotguns were produced for 140 years. Along with the closing of the plant, the Model 94 rifle, Model 70 rifle and Model 1300 shotgun would be discontinued.
On August 15, 2006, Olin Corporation, owner of the Winchester trademarks, announced that it had entered into a new license agreement with Browning to make Winchester brand rifles and shotguns, Browning, based in Morgan, Utah, and the former licensee, U.S. Repeating Arms Company, are both subsidiaries of FN Herstal.
The .308 Winchester, the commercial version of the military 7.62x51mm NATO, is the most popular hunting cartridge in the world. The 243 Winchester cartridge was derived from the 308 Winchester cartridge case is also in the top five most popular centerfire rifle cartridges in the world today.
|Winchester, Model 70 And Model 94 Rifles, Books And Manuals:|
|Resources And References:|